Tea in Assam

 

 

The Tea industry occupies an important place in Assam and plays a very special role in the State economy. The first Indian tea produced in Assam was sent to United Kingdom for public sale in the year 1838. Although the tea cultivation was extended to other parts of the country between 50’s and 60’s of the last century, as of today, Assam Tea has maintained its international reputation and commands significant share in the World Tea Market. The total area under tea cultivation in Assam is accounting for more than half of the country’s total area under tea. In addition to existing big & large tea gardens owned by reputed both Indian and multinational Companies, the profession of tea plantation in the State has been taken up by common people as business venture at present, especially by unemployed youths. The tea industry in Assam also provides average daily employment to more than 6.86 lakh persons in the State, which is around 50 percent of the total average daily number of labour employed (on an average 11.1 lakh labour employed per day) in the country.

 

Assam has witnessed a spurt in the growth of small holdings during the last three decades and there is more than 1.0 lakh small holdings accounting for 200 hundred million kgs of made tea. Most of the STGs are first generation young and educated entrepreneurs who have started contributing immensely towards transformation of socio-economic life of rural Assam. According to the Tea Board of India, there are about 68.5 thousand registered small tea growers [STG] in Assam producing about 106881 thousand KG in 88674 hectares of land in Assam.

 

Assam alone produces more than half of India’s tea production. The estimated production of tea in Assam was 629.1 thousand tonnes in 2013 compared to estimated production of 590.12 thousand tonnes in 2012.
 

Tea statistics of Assam and India, 2001 to 2013:

 

District-wise area, production and average yield of tea in Assam, 2009 to 2013:

 

Number of tea gardens, area and production of tea according to size of the gardens in Assam, 2007 to 2013:

 

Month-wise sale and price of tea at Guwahati Tea Auction Centre, 2012 to 2014:

 

Quantity and average price of tea sold in Guwahati Tea Auction Centre, 2012 to 2014: