North East India




The North East of India constitutes the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.


Flanked by hills and with the mighty Brahmaputra river slashing a central path between its north and south, the North East is bounded by the States of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura with Assam comprising the heart. Arunachal Pradesh lies to its north and Sikkim a little away in the North West bordering China and Bhutan. Bangladesh and Myanmar lie to its southwest and east. The torrential Brahmaputra deposits its rich alluvial silt along the banks of the plains of Assam. Tropical rain forest, rich in flora and fauna, spread their arms across Arunachal Pradesh into Assam. It is a land where tea is an industry, handicrafts a major occupation and martial arts a favoured sport.


The western side of the North East is connected to the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent by a narrow land corridor, sometimes referred to as the Siliguri Neck or "Chicken's Neck". The eight states that comprise the region reflect ecological and cultural contrasts between the hills and the plains; there are also significant elements of continuity. Available medieval and modern records indicate interdependence and interaction between the hills and plains. The North East is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. The forest cover varies but average 65 per cent is government owned. Village communities, individuals and chiefs own the rest. The area can be divided into three geographical divisions-the Shillong Plateau, the North Eastern hill Basin and the Brahmaputra Valley.


The economy of Northeast India has got its definite identity due to its peculiar physical, economic and socio-cultural characteristics. This region consists of eight states viz., Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim. The NER of India covers an area of 2.62 lakh sq. km. It accounts for 7.9% of total geographical area of the country.




  • State wise Geographical Area,  Population, Growth rate, Density, Sex ratio and Literacy rate as per Census 2011:


  • Gross State Domestic Product, 2019-20 to 2023-24:

  • Net State Domestic Product, 2019-20 to 2023-24:

  • Per Capita Net State Domestic Product, 2019-20 to 2023-24:


  • State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Total Foodgrains, 2017-18 to 2019-20:

  • State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Total Pulses, 2017-18 to 2019-20:


  • State-wise Horticultural Crops 2020-21:


  • State wise Irrigated Area, 2016-17:


  • State-wise Production of Raw Silk in NE Region of India, 2016-17 to 2018-19:


  • State-wise Fish Production, 2017-18 to 2021-22:


  • Forest Cover as per cent of total geographic area- 2017, 2019 and 2021:


  • State-wise Number of Livestock and Poultry, 2019:

  • State-wise Estimates of Milk, Egg and Meat Production, 2017-18 and 2018-19:


  • State-wise Funds Sanctioned and Released for Development and Promotion of Handicrafts Sector, 2018-19 and 2019-20:


  • State-wise Number of Domestic and Foreign Tourist visits in North-Eastern States, 2018 to 2021:


  • State-wise Distribution Estimated Number of MSME:


  • Total Number of Institution Registered and Responded in AISHE 2019-20:


  • State-wise Number of Functioning Offices of Commercial Banks as at end of the Quarter, 2021:


  • Install Capacity (in MW) of Power Utilizes in North Eastern Region, 2020: