General Information



The history of Mizoram starts from 18th and 19th century and the chieftains were very powerful at that time. In 1952, the Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council was formed to abolish the chieftainship. The recommendations of the State Reorganization Commission in 1954 did not satisfy the tribal leaders and so the Eastern India Tribal Union was formed in 1955. Another political party Mizo National Front was formed on 22nd October 1961 and the demand for new statehood of Mizoram grew stronger in 1971. The state of Mizoram was formally created on 20th February 1987.


Bordering states/countries:


East West North South
Myanmar Bangladesh & Tripura Assam & Manipur Myanmar


Latitude and Longitude of Mizoram:


Latitude Longitude
21°58’ N to 24°35’ N 92°15’E to 93°29’E


Length of Mizoram:


North to South

East to West

277 kms

121 kms


International Borders:


With Myanmar

With Bangladesh

404 kms

318 kms


Inter State Borders:


With Assam With Tripura With Manipur
123 kms 66 kms 95 kms


Geographical Area (Sq. Km) : 21,087.


State Capital: Aizawl.


No. of Autonomous District Council: 3.


Districts: 8 (Aizawl, Saiha, Lunglei, Lawngtlai, Kolasib, Champhai, Serchhip and Mamit District).


No. of Sub Division: 23.


No. of R.D. Block: 26.


No. of Villages (2011 Census): 830.


Highest peak of Mizoram: Phawngpuitlang.


Major River: Chhimtuipui, Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial and Tuivawl.


Lake: Palak Lake (30 hectares), Tamdil Lake and Rih Dil Lake.


Major crops: Rice (Jhum, WRC), Maize.


Major plantations: Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Tung Oil.


Fruits/vegetables/spices: Banana, Pineapple, Orange, Passion Fruit, Chillies and Ginger etc.


Major minerals: Coal, Limestone and Natural Gas.


Airports : Lengpui Airport (Aizawl).


Major Language : Mizo and English.


Demographic Profile of Mizoram according to Census 2011:


Rural and Urban Population (Male and Female), Population Growth, Sex Ratio, Literates and Literacy rate  in Mizoram according to census 2011:


District wise Total Population (Male, Female, Rural, Urban) of Mizoram as per 2011 Census:


District wise Literates by Sex as Per Population of 2011 census in Mizoram:


District wise Population, Growth rate, Sex ratio, Literacy rate and Density of Mizoram according to census 2011:


District wise Scheduled Cast (Male, Female, Rural and Urban) and Scheduled Tribe (Male, Female, Rural and Urban) Population in Mizoram according to census 2011:


Year wise Population of Mizoram through Decadal Census, 1901 to 2011:


Number of of Main Workers, Marginal Workers Non-workers and Total Workers in Mizoram according to census 2011: