General Information


North East India comprises:

  • Arunachal Pradesh

  • Assam

  • Manipur

  • Meghalaya

  • Mizoram

  • Nagaland

  • Sikkim

  • Tripura


International Boundaries: 



South West


North West





The region shares an international border of 5,182 kilometres (3,220 mi) (about 99 percent of its total geographical boundary) with several neighbouring countries – 1,395 kilometres (867 mi) with China in the north, 1,640 kilometres (1,020 mi) with Myanmar in the east, 1,596 kilometres (992 mi) with Bangladesh in the south-west, 97 kilometres (60 mi) with Nepal in the west, and 455 kilometres (283 mi) with Bhutan in the north-west.[18] It comprises an area of 262,184 square kilometres (101,230 sq mi), almost 8 percent of that of India. The Siliguri Corridor connects the region to the rest of mainland India.


Country Distance Cover (KM) Direction
China 1395 (867 mi) North


1640 (1020 mi)



1596 (992 mi)



97 (60 mi)


Bhutan 455 (283 mi) North-West
Total 5182  


Latitude : 21.57°N - 29.30°N


Longitude : 88°E - 97.30°E


Area covered : 262184 Sq. Km


North East India is mostly hilly; it has plains on both sides of the river Brahmaputra and the Himalayan range around it. The flora and fauna of this region is numerous and varied.


The region accounts for 7.9% of the total land space of the country. Hill ranges forming part of the Himalayas guard the northern side of the region. The area is made up of mountains above the snow line and plains a little higher than sea level.


The region is of strategic importance for the country on account of the fact that nearly 90% of its borders form India's international boundaries.


Topography: About 70% of the region is hilly, and the topography varies within each state. Mountains and hills cover most of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Sikkim and about half of Tripura, one-fifth of Assam and nine-tenth of Manipur.


The plains of the region are mainly made up of separate land masses - the Brahmaputra Valley and the Barak Valley in Assam and the Tripura plains in the South. In Manipur, the valley is small, comprising only about 10% of the total area of the state.


The Brahmaputra Valley stretches longitudinally for about 730 km, from North Lakhimpur to Dhubri district in Assam. The Barak Valley, formed by the river Barak and its tributaries covers the districts of Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi of South Assam. The Tripura plain is an extension of the Ganga-Brahmaputra plain.


The topography of the hills is generally rugged and vast areas are inaccessible.


Rainfall: The rainy season in this region generally commences from March and lasts till the middle of October. The total annual rainfall varies significantly in the region. In Khasi and Jaintia Hills, the annual intensity of rainfall reaches the maximum of about 1080-cm around Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram (having highest rainfall in the world). It is significantly low in the rainshadow area of Nagaon district in Assam. About two-thirds of the annual total rainfall occurs during the four monsoon months of June to September.


Major Plantation: Tea


Major Crops: Rice


Major Minerals: Coal, Petroleum, & Natural Gas.


Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism.


Languages spoken: English, Hindi, Assamese, Khasi, Garo, Jaintia, Manipuri, Mizo, Nagamese, Bengali, Nepali, Bhutia (Sikkimese), Bhutia (Tibetan), Lepcha, Limboo, Local dialects.


State-wise Rural and Urban Population, 2021:


State wise Area, Population, Growth Rate, Density, Sex Ratio and Literacy Rate in NE Region according to census 2011:


State wise Population Trends in Northeastern Region:


State wise Distribution of Population according to Census 2011:


State wise Total Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Male, Female Rural and Urban) Population according Census 2011:


State wise Number of Literates in NE Region according to census 2011:


State wise Number of Literacy Rate in NE Region according to Census 2011:


State wise Number of Total Worker, Main and Marginal Worker by sex Census of India-2011:


State wise Employment Exchange statistics for the year 2020:


State-wise Unemployment Rate - Usual Status (Adjusted), 1993-94 to 2020-21:


State-wise Unemployment Rate - Usual Status (Adjusted), 1993-94 to 2020-21:


Unemployment Rate and Worker Population in Northeast*, 2017-18 to 2019-20: