Tripura with its ancient cultural heritage, rich in forest and agricultural produce is now on its march towards economic arid social development. Electricity plays an important role in the economic and social development of a State. The progress in power sector in the State despite geographical, economic and infrastructural bottlenecks has been quite impressive. Performance of all important sectors, ranging from agriculture to commerce and industry as well as social sectors like health are largely depends on the desired availability of quality power. In the modern scientific world, consumption of electricity is an index of development for measuring the standard of living of the citizens.


The State has two sources of generation mainly, hydro and thermal. The State is endowed with natural gas, which enhances potentiality for thermal power generation. Out of the two major sources of power generation, thermal power accounts for 96 percent while remaining 4 percent is generated from hydel power (i.e. Gumti Power Project).


Present peak demand of the State is 266 MW. Own generation from three generating stations is about 113 MW. About 130-140 MW is imported during peak load period from North Eastern Grid including the share of Palatana Project. There remains a shortfall of about 15-20 MW. The shortfall is resorted by load shedding of one hour to one and half hour during peak load period. The demand of the State has been estimated to be 340 MW at the end 2016-17 Plan as assessed by Central Electricity Authority (CEA) in 18th Electric Power Survey Report considering the demand arising out of RGGVY and industrialization in the State.


The installed capacity was 152.00 MW and total power generated within the State was 756.94 MU and purchased from central sector grid was 1046.52 MU in 2014-15. The total unit sold to ultimate consumers in 2014-15 was 1124.34 MU at 132 KV Bus. Out of this, maximum power was sold for domestic consumption which was 430.87 MU followed by 107.12 MU for irrigation/ public water purposes, commercial consumption 71.36 MU and industrial 40.91 MU, respectively in 2014-15.


The revenue collection was Rs. 405.89 crores in 2014-15, which was Rs. 365.96 crores in 2013-14.


Demand and supply situation in Tripura during 2014-15:


Power Generation in Tripura in 2014-15:


District wise Electrification in Tripura, 2014-15:


Power sold to ultimate consumers in the State by category during 1994-95 to 2014-15:


Power supply situation of the power sector, 1994-95 to 2014-15:


Main source of lighting both in rural and urban areas of the State based on Census-2011: