Industry in Assam



Assam is a house of natural and precious mineral resources. Assam, although, finds its place in the industrially developed map of the world during the pre- independence period, the continuous process of economic and industrial development of the State was almost stopped after attainment of independence and at present Assam is amongst the industrially under- developed States in the Country. Therefore, industrial scenario of the State is confined within the growth of employment oriented SSI Sector. Assam is still making efforts desperately for gearing up industrial activities by harnessing the un-tapped resources available in the State through various growth-inducing factors as well as by removing the infrastructure inadequacies primarily in the power sector. Despite existence of constraints a favourable industrial climate is gradually being created in the State as discernible from the increasing interest shown by investors both from within the State as well as from outside the State. The communication and transport sector, on the other hand, has shown some improvement during the recent past. The declaration of the North East Industrial Investment Promotion Policy-2007, removal of notified area concept and introduction of neutrality of location clubbed with Excise duty exemption, Income Tax exemption, Capital Investment Subsidy, Interest Subsidy, Comprehensive Insurance Subsidy, incentive to Blo-Technology Industry, Incentive on Power Generation Industry, Transport Subsidy etc., are the major steps towards industrialization of the state. The thrust has been given both by the State and Central Government to enhance benefits to those entrepreneurs’ desirous to set up their units. The State Government in turn has to provide supplement effort by development of infrastructure and offers its participation in the form of Government share or partner in the PPP models of projects which are of prime importance considering the location of the State.


The performance of annual growth of industrial sector, a combination of Manufacturing, Mining & Quarrying, Electricity Gas & Water Supply and Construction sectors, showed some recovery during the last three years (2011-2014) after sudden slow down in the year 2010-11. However, the contribution of Industrial sector to the state economy remained 24.0 percent annually during the period 2004- 05 to 2013-14. Poor performance of Individual sectors like Mining & Quarrying and erratic growth of Electricity, Gas & Water supply sector has some impact on the growth of industrial sector. On the other hand, Construction sector has claimed remarkable growth during the last two years i.e., 2012-13 and 2013-14.


Although the manufacturing and processing industries have ruled the Industry Sector in the State, the contribution of these industries to the State economy was not as much impressive as was expected. The contribution of the Registered Manufacturing sector to the total State economy was 5.0 percent and accounted for 22.0 percent share of the total Industry Sector contribution to the GSDP [at constant (2004-05) prices] during 2013-14 (Quick Estimates). The Index of Industrial Production in respect of manufacturing sector has shown some improvement and (Provisionally) reached 178.13 level in 2013-14 (Base: 2004-2005=100) as against 170.48 in 2012-13.



Figures at a glance of Industry in Assam , 2011-12 to 2013-14:


Year wise Production of Some Selected Industries in Assam, 2004-05 to 2013-14:


Month wise Production of Some Selected Industries, 2010-11 to 2013-14:


Index of Industrial production in Assam (Base: 2004-2005=100):


Number of Registered MSME units, Investment in Plant & Machinery and Workers under the Commissionerate of Industries, Assam, 2012-13 and 2013-14: