Wokha District



The Wokha District is situated in the mid western part of Nagaland State, adjacent to Sibsagar plain of the Assam State. It is bounded by Mokokchung District in the North, Kohima District in the South, Zunheboto District in the East and the State of the Assam in the West. The Wokha District is situated at a latitude of 26°8' North and a longitude of 94°18' East.


The District is divided into three ranges, which are  1. Wokha Range or Upper Range, which falls in the upper North Eastern parts of the district, 2. Sanis Range or Middle Range, which covers the middle part of the district and 3. Bhandari Range or Lower Range is the outer most part of the district which extent from the Japukong range of Mokokchung District and gradually slopes down to the Assam plains in the North Western side. Two of the most fertile valleys are in this range and they are the Baghty and churung valleys. The highest mountain peak is the Tiyi Enung, with an altitude of 1970 mtrs. Important rivers which flow through the District are Nzhu and Nruk. The district lies in a seismically active earthquake zone 


Wokha is also famous for fruits like Oranges, Passion fruits, Plum and Bananas. The soil types are recent Alluvium, old Alluvium Mountains valley Lateritic soil, brows forest and podzolic soils.


Agriculture and allied activities are the principal means of livelihood for the vast majority of the population residing in the rural area. Rice is the major food crop and occupies 77% of the total cultivable area. Other major crops grown are maize, tapioca, pulses, soya beans and variety of organic vegetables, which are available in the local market year around.


The staple diet of the people consists of rice, bamboo shoot of various types, fermented or dried fish, yam, molasses, vegetables and meat, which is a delicacy. Food is mostly boiled and spices are rarely used. The people of the district also practice certain traditional cottage industries mostly during the off season when there is no cultivation to meet their local requirements, like black smithy, traditional weaving, carpentry and handicrafts, etc. Minerals like coal and cude oil are found at Changpang area in the lower range.


Some of the important sectors of Wokha district: