In the North Eastern region, tea is mostly grown in Assam and Tripura. In the recent years Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur has also started producing tea. Assam ’s economy is predominantly a tea economy. The state alone produces more than half of the all India production of tea. Tea in Assam is mostly grown in Assam valley and Cachar area.


Wild tea grew in many parts of Assam reportedly at a time when the legendary origin of tea had been developing in China in around B.C. 2737. The growth of an indigenous tea bush from which the Singpo Hill Tribes used to make a drink by the Burmese method (where the leaf is pickled) is reported as early as in 1815.


In 1823, Major Robert Bruce went on a trading expedition to Rangpur and found the native tea trees in nearby hills. Next year, the seeds were planted in Guwahati and in 1825 at Sadiya, subsequently tea was also discovered in Manipur. The first experimental plantations were established on the Garo hills in the then Assam in 1835.


Tea Area and Production of NE Region in 2013-14:


State wise Production of Tea in N.E. States, 2000 to 2011:


State wise Area under Tea in N.E. States, 2000 to 2007:


State-wise Average Yield of Tea in N.E. States, 2000 to 2007: