Rubber Plantation in North East India



Rubber is traditionally grown in India in the hinterlands of the South West Coast comprising of the state of Kerala and adjoining Kanyakumari District of Tamilnadu. This tract is, however, now reaching a level of saturation for rubber cultivation and the scope of further expansion of the crop is very much limited. Considering this fact, the expansion of rubber cultivation, which is of prime importance for setting up rubber production, has to take place mainly in non-traditional areas. Non-traditional areas so far identified as almost fully or marginally suitable for rubber cultivation are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, lower reaches of hills of Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura excluding the other state of India.


Although the North Eastern Region lies far outside the traditional rubber growing zone, the agro-climatic conditions obtained here are unique in as much as near tropical features are experienced in most parts owing to low elevations, exposure to monsoons and other moderating influences. The positive results obtained from trial plantations undertaken in early 1960s in the then undivided Assam and Tripura, commercial scale plantations were raised by Government Forest and Soil Conservation Departments. Public Sector Corporations set up later joined rubber planting endeavours on extensive scales. Thus while in Assam and Tripura, Public Sector Corporations are leading in the rubber plantation sector, in Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh the role has played by the State Forest and Soil Conservation Departments. Individual growers are also contributing to fast growth of rubber cultivation in this region.


State-wise Area and Production of Natural Rubber in NE Region of India, (2000-01, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2010-11 to 2012-2013):


The State-wise target of New planting and Replanting, 2002-2003 to 2006-2007:


State-wise Share of Area and Production of Rubber in North Eastern States, 2005-2006 and 2006-2007: