North East India




The North East of India constitutes the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.


Flanked by hills and with the mighty Brahmaputra river slashing a central path between its north and south, the North East is bounded by the States of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura with Assam comprising the heart. Arunachal Pradesh lies to its north and Sikkim a little away in the North West bordering China and Bhutan. Bangladesh and Myanmar lie to its southwest and east. The torrential Brahmaputra deposits its rich alluvial silt along the banks of the plains of Assam. Tropical rain forest, rich in flora and fauna, spread their arms across Arunachal Pradesh into Assam. It is a land where tea is an industry, handicrafts a major occupation and martial arts a favoured sport.


The western side of the North East is connected to the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent by a narrow land corridor, sometimes referred to as the Siliguri Neck or "Chicken's Neck". The eight states that comprise the region reflect ecological and cultural contrasts between the hills and the plains; there are also significant elements of continuity. Available medieval and modern records indicate interdependence and interaction between the hills and plains. The North East is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. The forest cover varies but average 65 per cent is government owned. Village communities, individuals and chiefs own the rest. The area can be divided into three geographical divisions-the Shillong Plateau, the North Eastern hill Basin and the Brahmaputra Valley.


The economy of Northeast India has got its definite identity due to its peculiar physical, economic and socio-cultural characteristics. This region consists of eight states viz., Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim. The NER of India covers an area of 2.62 lakh sq. km. It accounts for 7.9% of total geographical area of the country.




  • State wise Geographical Area,  Population, Growth rate, Density, Sex ratio and Literacy rate as per Census 2011:


  • Gross State Domestic Product, 2014-15 and 2015-16:

  • Net State Domestic Product, 2014-15 and 2015-16:

  • Per Capita Net State Domestic Product, 2014-15 and 2015-16:


  • State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Total Foodgrains, 2012-13 and 2013-14:

  • State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Total Cereals, 2012-13 and 2013-14:


  • State wise Horticultural Crops, 2013-14 and 2014-15:


  • State-wise Net Sown Area, Net Irrigated and Rainfed Area, 2010-11 to 2013-14:


  • State-wise Number of Families Engaged in Sericulture Sector, 2014-15:


  • State-wise Fish and Fish Seed Production, 2013-14 and 2014-15:


  • Forest Cover as per cent of total geographic area, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2015:


  • Total no. of Livestock and Poultry as per Livestock Census 2012:


  • State-wise Funds Released for Development and Promotion of Handicrafts Sector under Handicrafts Schemes in NE Region of India 2015-16:

  • State-wise Number of Artisans Benefited under Human Resource Development Scheme to Handicrafts in NE Region of India, 2014-15 and 2015-16:


  • Domestic and Foreign Tourist Visits in Northeast, 2013 and 2014:


  • State-wise Number of Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) Registered under Udyog Aadhaar Registration Scheme as on 02-12-2015:

  • State-wise Number of Trainees Trained by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Institute (MSME-DIs), 2012-2013 to 2014-2015:


  • No. of Educational Institutions in NE Region of India, 2014-15:


  • No of Offices, Deposits and Credit of Scheduled Commercial Banks according to State March 2016:


  • State-wise Power Supply Position in North-East India, 2016-17:

  • State-wise Forecast of Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Sector in North-East India, 2012-13 to 2016-17: