Horticultural Crops



Assam is traditionally rich in horticultural production due to its diverse and unique agro-climatic condition which is conducive for growing wide range of horticultural crops like various fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, nuts, tuber crops and medicinal and aromatic plants.


Horticultural crops occupy about 15 percent of the gross cultivated area of Assam and annually produce more than 67 lakh MT various horticultural products besides nuts crops, flowers and medicinal & aromatic plants thus contributing significantly towards food and nutritional security of the State. Statistically, according to the Directorate of Horticultural and Food Processing, Assam, the growth rate of area, production and productivity of horticulture crop have been assessed at 50.32 percent, 91.0 percent and 20.31 percent respectively. Positive efforts of the Horticulture Directorate towards self employment under horticulture sector helping about 15000 rural women to engaged themselves by establishing 156 mini fruit processing units during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. Of let, the efforts of the Directorate of Horticulture and FP helping the horticulture sector of the State limping towards commercialization.


Year wise Area, Production & Productivity of Horticultural Crops, 2005-06 to 2013-14:


Crop wise Area, Production and Average Yield of some Major Horticultural Crops, 2008-09 to 2013-14: